Arsenal History 1926-1936 – The Glory Years under the iconic Herbert Chapman

The decade that shaped Arsenal Football Club- 1926-1936!

We now enter into the era that has no doubt shaped Arsenal into the club that it is today..

When Henry Norris decided that Arsenal needed a new manager in the summer of 1925, he could never have anticipated the impact that his next appointment would have on both the club and football itself!

And so, it began… Herbert Chapman, who had won the FA Cup and two Division One titles with Huddersfield Town in the early Twenties, agreed to join us in the summer of 1925.

But it wasn’t the best of beginnings for Chapman and after the club was toying with relegation in the previous season he set about reinventing the club with almost immediate effect, where in his first season at Highbury, our new manager steered us to an FA Cup Quarter Final and a second-place finish in the First Division.

This kind of success was short lived though as the rest of the 1920’s saw us sit in mid table, something that was unacceptable for back then and even now. Although he did lead us to our first FA Cup final in 1927 but a 1-0 loss to Cardiff City would mean we left without a trophy.

That struggle would be overturned in later seasons, although league struggles were continuous by the early 1930’s and Chapman’s hard work off the pitch seemed to be gaining pace and making a difference.

His modern tactics along with signing the likes of Cliff Bastin, David Jack, Alex James and Eddie Hapgood, to name a few, had begun to transform the side into one of if not the most feared and envied clubs in the country.

And it wasn’t long after in the 1930-31 season that our first trophy came, and this time the FA Cup final against Chapman’s old employers Huddersfield Town, proved successful and we walked away with the cup for the first time in our history. I guess that is when the love story with the cup began!

The FA Cup final win did so much in the way of propelling us to dominance for a decade in English football though and it took just one year for us to win our first top flight title in the 1930-31 season where we racked up a record-breaking 66 points in the process.

We missed out on the title a season later yet managed to lift it again in the 1932-33 season but this time we lifted it wearing our famous and newly introduced by Chapman – red shirt with white sleeves, for the first time and this was just one of Chapman’s many innovative and additional ideas that he brought to the club and the game.

However, and rather tragically, this successful period would turn out to be our last triumph under Chapman. Having been present at an Arsenal Third Team match against Guildford City, while nursing a cold, Chapman’s condition quickly worsened and soon afterwards he would be diagnosed with pneumonia. An unfortunate turn of events would occur as during the early hours of January 6, 1934, Herbert Chapman died at his home in Hendon at the age of just 55.

With the sudden loss many people would have thought that Arsenal would falter, yet in contrast we would claim a second successive title that was delivered in the following May. And that quickly became three in a row under the management of ex-director George Allison in the 1934-35 season.

However, no league titles would follow in the next two years although we did lift the FA Cup for the second time in our history after a 74th-minute Ted Drake strike secured a 1-0 win for our Gunners over Sheffield United on April, 25 1936 and in the penultimate season before the outbreak of World War Two, Arsenal were champions of England once again and this would be their fifth league title in eight seasons.

The impact and achievements Chapman made with us ensure he would be and still is remembered for the effect his modernisations and inventions had on not just Arsenal as a club but on football as a whole game in itself.

His ideas and innovations included the use of a penalty area semi-circle, goal judges and a second referee which I guess would be somewhat of a linesman in more modern times. We also have him to thank for electronic turnstiles, floodlights, and a PA system which would be used to pass over team news to fans and create a letter and number scoreboard. This system would then go on to be copied throughout the whole country over the next 50 years.

Furthermore, Chapman was behind the inventing of the white sleeves of Arsenal’s which he believed allowed players to identify each other more easily and he also was behind feeder clubs which helped football clubs from a lower division provide training and experience for young players, putting in an agreement that successful players can leave to join a club in a higher division. Chapman was also responsible for European tours which we now hold for pre-season, travelling to fanbases all over the world.

Although one of his greatest ideas no doubt, came in the form of the famous Highbury clock, which we still have to this day and has even moved over to our current stadium too, I guess some parts of history just cannot be removed or thrown away!

During those days though it can be argued that Chapman’s greatest invention was the 3-2-2-3 WM formation. It proved so successful in cutting out opponents that many of the English sides later adopted it themselves. This then changed the vision of the domestic game as a whole and began to add more meaning and understanding to the games when being played.

However, I think that despite all of the amazing things he had done for the club and for football in general, his greatest achievement and the thing we can be most thankful to him for, was the fact that we are now the only team in London who has an Underground Station named after us.

Something I know I am proud of despite some fans surely going to be commenting “this isn’t the best thing to happen”, and no it may not be but it is something to shout about and of course you cannot deny he didn’t change the game with all of the other great inventions and ideas he had and utilised while being part of the football game.

And so here we say, thank you Mr Herbert Chapman, to whom without your ideas and innovations in the beautiful game, football would not be what it is today.

A legend, a master, an icon, both on and off the pitch and forever may you rest in peace..

To be continued…

Shenel Osman

@sh3n3l_

Learn about your club CLICK HERE to visit our new Arsenal History section

Video – Mikel Arteta on Tottenham, the referee and bad news on Gabriel

Tags Herbert Chapman

18 Comments

Add a Comment
  1. Upwards mighty gunners. Football is really a game of ups and down. No team in a very competitive league can stay at the top forever. These days may not be our best, but we will be at the top again.

  2. Shenel, great article yet again.
    Of course, we have to rely on the history books to relive the incredible changes and innovations he was responsible for and I suggest you also look at how Huddersfield Town still revere the man to this day.
    I thought you might have brought up some of his “dodgy” transfer dealings, but hey, that’s nit picking.

    It’s so hard to select one person who has driven our club forward the most, especially when HC and Norris are in the distant past, so why even try?

    For those who aren’t aware, there is a film made at Highbury involving Herbert and his group of players and it gives an incredible insight into how the world of football (along with everything else) has changed.
    Well worth a watch, if only to see Herbert and his players, along with the famous one and only Highbury Stadium.

    Looking forward to reading the next instalment!!!!

    1. Sorry, should have given the films title – The Arsenal Stadium Mystery…. if I’ve got it wrong, I’m sure a certain individual will correct me 😇😇

  3. Another fine instalment Shenel You left out a few things and as KEN alluded to, Chapman , like Sir HENRY NORRIS, WAS FAR FROM BEING SQUEAKY CLEAN.
    Despite your excellent research I feel sure that KEN, MYSELF AND SOME OTHER OLDIES WILL KNOW FAR MORE ABOUT THE CHAPMAN YEARS THAN YOU HAVE SAID IN THIS FINE BUT IMO too brief by far instalment .

    This decade was our most glorious by far until Wengers equally glorious first one and so it deserved a much deeper, more detailed and longer piece than some other decades.

    But this is an observation and not a criticism of what is still a fine piece. Well done!
    PS: As I am, presumably, the “individual” to whom Ken refers in his post above , he IS entirely correct about The Arsenal Stadium Mystery, a film that is only too forgettable as a story but of fascination to we Gooners of course.

    1. Jon, well said sir!!
      No, I wasn’t referring to you, but someone who boasts that he’s forgotten more than most about footballing matters!!!

      Thanks Pat, I was bwgunning to doubt my sanity 😂🤣😂🤣

      1. No HD, I wasn’t referring to you either, as usual you got it completely wrong.
        Why you think that I have any interest in your opinions, I have no idea.
        Please keep up and good to see that, at least, your in the right article 👍😂🤣😂🤣

        How about giving the author some feedback on the article and it’s content?
        After all, she might be hanging on to your every word. 🤢🤢

        1. So Ken, if it wasn’t me then who was it ?

          You obviously do have opinions on my posts, as if you didn’t you wouldn’t reply to me 🙄

          I’ll read the 2nd article before I post on this one, if that’s alright with you 😁

          1. Well, it’s the third article in this excellent series, but not to WORRY, genuine mistakes do happen 🥴

            You do what you want to do, I only suggested that you might want to recognise the author.

            As I always reply to direct
            questions, when / if the person replies, I’m sure it will be interesting and my answer will identify said person.

  4. I’ve still got no idea why we always got white sleeve on our red shirt,does it have anything to do with our history.

  5. Thanks agsin, Shenel. My disappointment was the lack of a mention of the Battle of Highbury and Arsenal players’ contribution to England defeating then World Cup holders Italy. Arsrnal could arguably be rated the best club team in the world at that time.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Top Blog Sponsors
JustArsenal Top Ten UK Blogs